To spend healthy everyday ~ eating habits Q & A ~

Why do you need meals? Illustration of classroom scenes at school Our body is made of what we ate and people need various nutrients to live. It is because we have to take the necessary nutrients from the diet in order to live healthily. What is a balanced diet? It is a meal that can take all the nutrients necessary for the well-balanced diet illustration as much as needed. In order to have a balanced diet, let's eat a variety of foods for eating. When thinking about a menu, not only do side dishes such as meat and fish, but also dishes using vegetables, try selecting a dish using va……

mineral

What is mineral Minerals (also called minerals) have calcium, iron, sodium and others. The amount required is small, but you can not make it in the human body, so you need to take it from the food. Minerals have the function of composing the tissues of the body such as bones and adjusting the condition of the body. Among elements present on the earth, minerals are excluded from hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. Of the approximately 100 kinds of elements, 16 kinds (sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, potassium, calcium, chromium, etc.) are currently available as mineral……

vitamin

What is vitamin? Vitamins are indispensable nutrients for adjusting the condition of the body. There are 13 types, and the work in the body depends on the type. Although the necessary amount is small, it can not be made in the human body, and even if it is made, the amount is not enough, so you need to take it from the food. Water-soluble vitamins soluble in water and fat-soluble vitamins soluble in water without dissolving in water. 【Water soluble vitamin】 It is easy to be discharged into urine or the like, and it can not be kept in the body. It is important to take the necessa……

carbohydrate

What is carbohydrate? Carbohydrates are those that are digested and absorbed (sugar) and those that are not (dietary fiber). Carbohydrates are mainly energy to move the brain and body. Since it burns faster than lipids that become energy in the same way, it becomes energy as soon as it is absorbed by the body. Carbohydrates are included not only in sweet things such as sugar and fruits, but also as rice, bread, noodles, potatoes, etc. as starch. Illustration of sugar Illustration of fruit Illustration of rice Illustration of bread Illustrations of potatoes Types of carbohydrates ……

Lipid

What is lipid? In addition to being used as an energy source to move the body, lipid is an indispensable ingredient for making nerve tissue, cell membrane, hormone, etc in the body. It is made of fatty acids and is contained in meat such as fat and lard (fat), corn oil and soybean oil. Illustration of meat Corn oil illustration How much should I take? According to Japanese dietary intake standards (external link: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare) [external link], it is said that it is better to take 20% to 30% of the required energy from lipids.   If it is not enoug……

protein

What is Protein? Protein is an essential nutrient for making various parts of the human body such as muscle, internal organs, skin, nails, hair, etc. It is mainly composed of amino acids. Proteins can be classified into two types, "animal protein" and "vegetable protein". "Animal protein" is contained in animal food such as meat, fish and shellfish, egg, dairy products, "vegetable protein" is contained in vegetable foods such as beans and cereals in large amounts. Both are proteins, but since the type and amount of amino acids making it are different, let's eat foods containing each protein……

It is convenient to know. Ingredients contained in food

The Codex Committee 's nutrition labeling guidelines (English) explains nutrients (Nutrient) as follows. Normally it is a substance consumed as a component of food that fits one of the following Supplying energy Necessary for growth, development, maintenance of life Causes a specific biochemical or physiological change to occur when it is deficient Among nutrients, five kinds of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates (carbohydrates), vitamins, and minerals are called "five major nutrients". 5 Illustration of large nutrients Five major nutrients Main functions of the five major nutrien……